Joseph Chinard (1756-1813) Trophée d'armes... - Lot 149 - Conan Belleville Hôtel d'Ainay

Lot 149
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Joseph Chinard (1756-1813) Trophée d'armes... - Lot 149 - Conan Belleville Hôtel d'Ainay
Joseph Chinard (1756-1813) Trophée d'armes : The Renown in the middle of the weapons. High relief in Carrara marble made for the pedestal of the monument of General Desaix (1768-1800) in Clermont-Ferrand About 1806-1808 Marked with the figures of the emperor Napoleon and of the general Desaix in the two shields posed on the arms of the Renommée H. 155 x W. 264 x D. 55 cm Wear, accidents and missing parts (head) Provenance : workshop of the artist in Carrara ; workshop of the artist in Lyon ; by inheritance to his wife until 1839 ; in the collection of the sculptor and marble-maker Antoine Dubreuil from Lyon (reported in 1888) until 1899, collection of the society of Marble-makers and Sculptors united until today. SALE ON DESIGNATION - VISIT ON APPOINTMENT. Works in connection : -Fountain Desaix or pyramid, 1801, stone of Volvic, Clermont-Ferrand; -Joseph Chinard, The death of the general, unpolished white marble, dim. 175 x 277 x 60 cm, Roger Quilliot art museum, Montferrand, inv. 52.5.13 ; -Joseph Chinard, Projet de monument au général Desaix, circa 1800, group in raw clay, dim. 13 x 20 x 6cm, Paris, musée du Louvre, inv. RF.1506 ; -Joseph Chinard, Leaflet of four drawings sent folded by mail on April 15, 1807 to the mayor of Clermont Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, Bibliothèque du Patrimoine-Clermont-Communauté, MS. 1088, ff.60 v° and 61r° ; - Joseph Chinard, Projet de monument au Premier Consul pour la Place Bonaparte à Lyon, terracotta, dim. 35 x 18 m, Rueil-Malmaison, châteaux de Malmaison et Bois-Préau, inv. N31 ; - Joseph Chinard, Buste de Louis-Charles-Antoine Desaix, général de division, bust in white marble, dim. 82 x 56 cm, Versailles, château de Versailles et de Trianon, inv. MV1590. Related literature -Marie-Claude Chaudonneret, Les muses de Messidor, peintres et sculpteurs lyonnais de la Révolution à l'Empire, cat. exp., Lyon, musée des beaux-arts, November 22, 1989-February 11, 1990, 1989, pp.47-53 and pp.72-96; -Pierre-François Aleil, " Statues, busts and commemorative monuments of the city of Clermont ", in Bulletin historique de scientifique de l'Auvergne, t.XCV, n°706, July-September 1990 ; -Ss dir. Jérémie Benoît, Marengo, une victoire politique, cat. exp., Musée national des châteaux de Malmaison et Bois-Préau, 3 May-28 August 2000, Paris, RMN, 2000; -Roland Patin, Sculpture et commémoration au XIXème siècle, L'hommage de Clermont Ferrand au général Desaix, Scéren, CRDP Auvergne, 2010, pp.30-54. Véronique Belle, " Contribution à l'étude des marbreries lyonnaises : les archives des Marbriers et Sculpteurs réunis ", in Les Carnets de l'Inventaire, Étude sur le patrimoine culturel en Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, 2016, online The proud memorial to General Desaix erected in the city of Clermont-Ferrand is today composed only of an obelisk surmounted by an urn (originally intended to receive the heart of General Desaix) and surrounded by a basin (ill.1). The initial project conceived by the architect Joseph Laurent was to be framed by four monumental trophies on the pedestal commissioned from the famous Lyon sculptor Joseph Chinard. The latter had great difficulty in fulfilling this order due to technical, financial and political problems. For a long time, art historians assumed that only the main relief representing the Death of General Desaix had been finalized (now kept in the Roger Quilliot Art Museum, Clermont-Ferrand, inv. 52.5.13). Recent research and the reappearance of our impressive trophy, previously kept in private hands, brings to light this important commission for the city of Clermont-Ferrand, the capital of the region of birth of this great general of the revolutionary and consular wars. The work completes the lesser-known and very rare category of monumental works created by Joseph Chinard, who was particularly renowned for his small allegorical subjects in terracotta and for his portraits. As soon as the heroic death of General Desaix at the battle of Marengo was announced, Bonaparte decided or authorized the erection of numerous commemorative monuments in honor of his faithful comrade in arms and hero of the Egyptian campaign. Among the most famous and important of these monuments, we can mention the Tomb of the Great St. Bernard designed by Guillaume Moitte, those of the Place Dauphine and the Place des Victoires in Paris entrusted respectively to Charles Percier accompanied by Augustin Félix Fortin and to Claude Dejoux, and finally, the monument that we are dealing with, the Fountain of Desaix, also known as the Pyramid in Clermont-Ferrand, created by the architect Joseph Laurent. CONTINUATION OF THE DESCRIPTION FROM PHOTO 4
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